A cross-sequential design was used and six assessments have taken place, with participants at median age 11 at the first assessment and median age 25 at the sixth assessment. Based on this complex network of findings, implications for optimal treatments are elucidated. It was in this context that this longitudinal research began in as a result of a collaboration between a developmental psychologist P. Neither design facilitated understanding of how the experience of child sexual abuse affected development over time. Closely tied to the physiological stress domain was the concept of hormones and how disruptions in various endocrine systems might impact development especially during the pubertal period.
Central to the model was the notion that characteristics of the sexual abuse such as duration, frequency, relationship to the abuser, the presence of physical violence, and the age of onset would play a major role in the degree of trauma experienced and in the effects of responses. Participants included 6- to year-old females with substantiated sexual abuse and a demographically similar comparison group. Based on this complex network of findings, implications for optimal treatments are elucidated. Over the years of the study, this model was expanded to accommodate emerging theory and has integrated new literature, but the basic tenets of this original conceptual model have driven the bulk of the assessment protocols and the resultant scientific findings that have come to fruition. Outcomes of interest included competence in terms of cognitive, social, self-esteemm and locus of control and psychopathology including depression, anxiety, dissociation, and hypersexuality. Closely tied to the physiological stress domain was the concept of hormones and how disruptions in various endocrine systems might impact development especially during the pubertal period. It was in this context that this longitudinal research began in as a result of a collaboration between a developmental psychologist P. About 30 years ago, it was realized that child sexual abuse was much more prevalent than had been previously thought, and research evidence began to accrue indicating that such abuse often had deleterious consequences both during childhood and across later periods of development. Neither design facilitated understanding of how the experience of child sexual abuse affected development over time. Translational aspects of extending observational research into clinical practice are discussed in terms that will likely have a sustained impact on several major public health initiatives. Offspring born to abused mothers were at increased risk for child maltreatment and overall maldevelopment. Results of many analyses, both within circumscribed developmental stages and across development, indicated that sexually abused females on average showed deleterious sequelae across a host of biopsychosocial domains including: There was also a pattern of considerable within group variability. The model considered various potential modifiers that would be operating throughout development such as family and peer support as well as the interplay between pubertal stage and timing. Abstract This is a report on the research design and findings of a year longitudinal study of the impact of intrafamilial sexual abuse on female development. The conceptual framework integrated concepts of psychological adjustment with theory regarding how psychobiological factors might impact development. A cross-sequential design was used and six assessments have taken place, with participants at median age 11 at the first assessment and median age 25 at the sixth assessment. The publisher's final edited version of this article is available at Dev Psychopathol See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. As can be seen in Figure 1 , the original conceptual model included how acute responses to the trauma of sexual abuse could be thought of as spanning both psychological distress and physiological stress domains. The conceptual framework for this study sought to integrate concepts of psychological adjustment, which were beginning to be established in the child abuse literature, with emerging theory regarding how psychobiological factors, including pubertal development and physiological stress, might impact normative development. This was partly because the research designs at the time were largely cross-sectional studies of acute reactions of children recently reported to authorities for sexual abuse or retrospective studies of adults who in adulthood reported that they had been abused as children. Mothers of participants took part in the early assessments and offspring took part at the sixth assessment.
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