Decline safe sex

During the main fieldwork, eligible women ages 15—49 and men usually ages 15—59 were selected for HIV testing. Pregnant women presenting for the first time for their current pregnancy at the participating ANC sites during the survey period were enrolled in an anonymous unlinked HIV serosurvey. For example, significantly higher percentages of never-married youth reported they had never had sex, lower percentages of sexually active youth reported multiple sex partners, and lower percentages of youth reported having sex before age While prevalence increased somewhat in urban areas between and , from 3. HIV prevalence among pregnant women in rural areas followed similar trends, falling from 2. We assessed trends in 5 key indicators related to sexual behaviors, in addition to the percentage of young people ages 15—24 years who reported having ever tested for HIV and the percentage of young people who reported knowing a formal source of condoms. Between and , HIV prevalence declined among 15—year-old pregnant women in urban areas data not collected in rural areas from 7. The progressive increase in sentinel sites was meant to provide a roughly representative picture of levels and trends in HIV prevalence throughout the country.

Decline safe sex


Trends in reported sexual risk behavior were analyzed using the same tests. As reported elsewhere, the DHS was designed to obtain national and regional estimates of HIV prevalence and associated sociodemographic and behavioral indicators among women and men. To determine the relative proportional change in prevalence across survey year, the difference between estimates from the earlier and later rounds was divided by the earlier estimate. In the second stage, all households were listed and the final systematic random sample of households was selected. Sex behavior indicators comprised never-married youth who have never had sex; sex with more than 1 partner; sex with a nonmarital, non-cohabiting partner; condom use at last sex with a nonmarital, non-cohabiting partner; and sex before age The behavioral indicators were: Between and , HIV prevalence declined among 15—year-old pregnant women in urban areas data not collected in rural areas from 7. During the main fieldwork, eligible women ages 15—49 and men usually ages 15—59 were selected for HIV testing. HIV prevalence among pregnant women in rural areas followed similar trends, falling from 2. We also analyzed trends in reported sex behaviors from the DHS. When linking to this article, please use the following permanent link: To avoid potential bias as a result of expanding ANC surveillance over time, only data from those urban sites that were consistently included in surveillance between and i. Although the study could not establish causal associations between changes in sexual behavior and trends in HIV prevalence, it concluded that the observed changes were encouraging. The progressive increase in sentinel sites was meant to provide a roughly representative picture of levels and trends in HIV prevalence throughout the country. In addition, the percentage of men ages 20—49 reporting sex with a nonmarital, non-cohabiting partner declined significantly, while condom use at last sex with such a partner increased significantly among both men and women ages 15— The HIV serosurveillance system of pregnant women was established in Burkina Faso in , initially with 3 urban sites. In the Burkina Faso DHS, the sample was selected in 2 stages, stratified by area urban and rural with enumeration areas EAs as the first-stage sampling units and households as the second-stage sampling units. To investigate trends in HIV prevalence and changes in reported sexual behaviors between and in Burkina Faso. We assessed trends in 5 key indicators related to sexual behaviors, in addition to the percentage of young people ages 15—24 years who reported having ever tested for HIV and the percentage of young people who reported knowing a formal source of condoms. Data came from national ANC surveillance surveys conducted between and as well as from national surveys conducted by the Demographic and Health Surveys DHS program in —99, , and Since , 13 sites have been included in the surveillance system the same 10 sites from plus 3 additional sites, for a total of 7 in urban areas and 6 in rural areas. Received Jan 19; Accepted May This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. To view a copy of the license, visit http: The system evolved over time, covering 5 urban sites in and 10 urban and rural sites in 6 in urban areas and 4 in rural areas. There is considerable discussion in the literature about the declining trend in HIV prevalence among young pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa in relation to sexual behaviors.

Decline safe sex

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  1. To investigate trends in HIV prevalence and changes in reported sexual behaviors between and in Burkina Faso. Although the study could not establish causal associations between changes in sexual behavior and trends in HIV prevalence, it concluded that the observed changes were encouraging.

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